World Wetlands Day 2017

Photo: JIS Photographer

World Wetlands Day will be celebrated on February 2, 2017. The theme is “Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction.”

According to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, otherwise known as the  Ramsar Convention,  wetlands include: “all lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs and salt pans.”. They are important to humans and mammals, and should be protected.

Some important functions of Wetlands include:

  • Protecting shorelines by acting as a barrier against strong waves which may cause erosion
  • Acting as flood protection by reducing the impact of flood waters
  • Acting as a barrier for strong winds
  • Providing a secure place for plants and animals to live and reproduce
  • Helping to maintain a balanced ecosystem

 Practices that are Harmful to Wetlands

  • Pollution
  • Draining/filling /dumping up wetlands
  • Burning of fires in/around wetlands
  • Deforestation of wetlands
  • Construction in wetland areas
  • Hunting animals that reside in wetlands


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